First of all what is this Black Fungus?
Mucormycosis is an invasive infection caused by a class of molds called mucormycetes. These fungi are ubiquitous, naturally occurring in our environment, most commonly in soil. Humans get the infection by inhaling the fungal spores floating around in the air and in dust.
How does black fungus start?
Primarily, fungal spore floating in the environment give people this infection. One may also catch it when the fungus “enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other types of skin trauma.”
Can This “Black Fungus” Spread?
A good thing is that mucormycosis does not spread from one person to another. Medical experts attribute the rise in black fungus cases to the indiscriminate use of steroids and antibiotics, apart from contamination through the pipes and prongs used for the mechanical supply of oxygen to patients.
What Are The Symptoms Of “Black Fungus”?
The symptoms of mucormycosis depend on where in the body the fungus is growing. Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms that you think are related to mucormycosis.
Symptoms of rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis include:
- One-sided facial swelling
- Nasal or sinus congestion
- Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of mouth that quickly become more severe
Symptoms of pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis include:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis can look like blisters or ulcers, and the infected area may turn black. Other symptoms include pain, warmth, excessive redness, or swelling around a wound.
Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
Disseminated mucormycosis typically occurs in people who are already sick from other medical conditions, so it can be difficult to know which symptoms are related to mucormycosis. Patients with disseminated infection in the brain can develop mental status changes or coma.
What is the treatment for black fungus?
As Black Fungus infections are on rise, there has been sudden rise in demand for anti-fungal drug Ampho B, which is commonly used for the treatment of the infection
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