What is PTSD Disorder? Overview Of PTSD:
Symptoms of PTSD fall into four categories and include:
- Repeated, unwanted memories of the traumatic event
- Recurrent nightmares
- Flashbacks as if you’re re-living the traumatic experience
- Severe distress when you’re reminded of the event
- Physical reactions to reminders of the event such as increased heart rate or sweating
- Avoiding thoughts or feelings of the traumatic event
- Staying away from reminders of trauma such as people, places, objects, or situations
- Resisting conversations about what happened or how you feel about it
- Being easily startled or fearful
- Struggling with irritability or angry outbursts
- Having trouble concentrating
- Having difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Behaving recklessly or self-destructively
- Being overly aware of your surroundings and potential threats to safety
- Struggling to remember important parts of the traumatic event
- Ongoing, distorted beliefs about yourself or others (such as “I’m a bad person” or “No one can be trusted”)
- Recurrent feelings of fear, horror, anger, guilt, shame, or hopelessness
- Loss of interest in once enjoyable activities
- Feeling detached from others or struggling to maintain close relationships
- Having difficulty experiencing positive feelings like joy or satisfaction
- Stressful life experiences, including how much trauma you’ve experienced and how severe it was
- A family history of mental health conditions such as anxiety or depression
- Your temperament or inherited personality traits
- The way your brain regulates chemicals and hormones when you experience stress
- Having experienced intense or prolonged trauma
- Previous experiences of trauma such as childhood abuse
- Having a job that increases your risk of exposure to trauma (such as military personnel or first responders)
- Having other mental health conditions such as anxiety or depression
- Having problems with substance abuse
- Not having a solid support system
1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Exposure therapy repeatedly exposes you to memories and reminders of trauma in order to learn how to effectively cope with distressing symptoms of PTSD like anxiety and avoidance.
3. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
Medication can help ease symptoms of PTSD and may improve your ability to participate in psychotherapy.
5. Complementary Therapies
Coping with PTSD:
- Learn how to deal with distressing thoughts and memories of trauma.
- Find ways to cope with reminders of trauma and flashbacks.
- Address sleep problems related tothis disorder.
- Learn how to cope with related mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and substance abuse.
- For more help and community, consider joining a support group.
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