What is Rabies? Symptoms, Prevention, FAQ’s

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What is Rabies?

Rabies is a deadly virus spread to people from the saliva of infected animals. This is usually transmitted through an animal bite, for example, from stray dogs. Symptoms include fever, headache, excess salivation, muscle spasms, paralysis and mental confusion. Seek immediate medical attention after a bite or suspected bite. There is no specific treatment available. Once symptoms appear, it’s nearly always fatal. A vaccine can prevent infection.

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Lets know more about it in detail Rabies: 

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Pathogen : Rabies virus 
Mode of Transmission : Bite by a rabid dog. 
Incubation period : 10 days to 1-3 months depending upon the distance of bite from Central Nervous System (CNS), that is the brain or spinal cord. 
Symptoms
  (i) Severe headache and high fever. 
 (ii) Painful contraction of muscles of throat and chest. 
(iii) Choking and fear of water leading to death.
 Prevention and Cure 
  (i) Compulsory immunisation of dogs.
 (ii) Killing of rabid animals. 
(iii) Anti-rabies injections or oral doses are given to the person bitten by a rabid animal.
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Some questions which are asked generally:

Q1.Can humans survive this?
Though a small number of people have survived this, the disease usually causes death. For that reason, if you think you‘ve been exposed to rabiesyou must get a series of shots to prevent the infection from taking hold
 
Q2.Why are the affected patients afraid of water?
Rabies used to be known as hydrophobia because it appears to cause a fear of water. Intense spasms in the throat are triggered when trying to swallow. Even the thought of swallowing water can cause spasms.
 
Q3.Why is this not curable?
During infection of the brain, the permeability of the barrier can increase, allowing immune cells and antibodies through to help clear the infection. However, during infection with rabies virus, the blood brain barrier locks down, meaning nothing can get through, even antiviral drugs.
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I hope you all got to know about rabies, it’s symptoms, treatment and cure
 

Thankyou For Reading! 

 Be Strong Be Safe! 

God Bless You All

 

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Grace paulin
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Grace paulin
Hi! We serve to provide quality & much-needed content for everyone. I'm a medical student in my 2nd year. We also focus on the current medical issues we are facing. I will try my best to entrust the apt, verified data in a simple manner.